Earth and Space Science Part 3

Lesson Power Point

Great weatering and erosion site
Volcanoes-Magic School Bus
Weather- magic school bus
Brain Pop -Volcanoes
Brain Pop Earthquakes
Weather and Erosion video

Volcano ppt
Earth quakes ppt
Earth quakes for kids
Brain Pop Tsunami
Weathering and Erosion teacher tube 1

How Stuff Works - Weathering and Erosion
Weathering part 2 video

Station 1 Station 2​ Station 3Station 4Station 6Station 7
Station 8Station 9 Station 10 Station 11 Station 12
Erosion Bell Ringer
Earth and Space Science Part 3-study guide

1. The Earth is always changing.
2. Some of these changes are gradual (slow) and some are rapid.
3. Weathering and erosion are considered gradual changes.
4. Weathering takes place as rocks are broken down into progressively smaller pieces by the effects of weather. These pieces do not move to a new location, they simply break down, but remain next to one another.
5. Erosion is the movement of rock particles by water and wind. This often happens when waves break on a beach; water carries sand and other sediments as it flows back into the ocean. Erosion along a shore causes beaches to become smaller.
7. Waves also deposit or drop sediments near the shore. This is called deposition.
8. Human activities, such as reducing forest cover and intensive farming have also changed the Earth’s surface.
9. The Earth changes rapidly when hurricanes, volcanoes, and earthquakes occur.
10. Strong gusty winds blowing over and area of many square miles can cause a group of very large waves called a storm surge to form. Storm surges often occur during hurricanes and can cause a lot of damage along a shore. (Erosion)
11. A volcano is a mountain that forms when red-hot melted rock flows through a crack onto the Earth’s surface.
12. Volcanoes form when two plates collide, when two plates separate, or when plates move over hot spots in the mantle.
13. Melted rock inside Earth surface is called magma.
14. Melted rock that reaches Earth’s surface is called lava.
15. The magma flows onto the surface through a rocky opening called a vent to form volcanic mountains.
16. The Earth changes when volcanoes produce new ocean floor where plates are moving apart. Volcanic mountains add to the continental crust when they form on land. They also enrich the soil.
17. Volcanoes can also be harmful. Lava and ash often kill everything in their path. Gases from the eruption can also be dangerous.
18. An Earthquake is a vibration or shaking of Earth’s crust.
19. Earthquakes usually occur along faults.
20. A fault is a break in the crust along which rock moves. Rock on either side of a fault can move up and down, side to side, or both.
21. Earth’s crust and upper mantle are broken into continent sized slabs called plates. Plates move very slowly across Earth’s surface. (A few centimeters a year)
22. Plates can move toward each other, past each other, or away from each other.
23. Volcanoes or mountains can occur at places where plates come together.
24. The island country of Iceland is the top of an underwater mountain that formed as ocean plates moved apart.
25. Many earthquakes happen when plates are moving past each other. This occurs from the buildup and sudden release of energy in rocks.
26. The fault in California along which dozens of major earthquakes have occurred is called the San Andreas Fault.
27. Earthquakes can affect the Earth by causing tsunamis and mudslides as well as changes the Earth’s crust.
Lesson Plans
Earth's structure/ Earthquakes.
1. TLW read and discuss C8-15 (Answer questions on C17 only)
2. TLW complete study guide with class note ppt.
3. TLW watch volcano ppt to review:

4. TLW read and discuss D40-41 on ocean movements.
5. Brain pop tsunami
6. TLW watch the united streaming video clip on Clouds, Weather and Life
7. Flip Chart: Weathering, Erosion, Deposition:

Complete pg. C30-31 for a grade
Study and review notes for a game between boys and girls.

Game: Boat Race

Weekly Quiz