Life Science: Animals Part 2

Lesson Flip chart
Life Science-Animals
Part 2 of 2
1. An adaptation is a body part or behavior that helps an animal meet its needs in its environment.
2. Four examples of body part adaptations to meet basic needs are beaks, body coverings, camouflage, and mimicry.
3. Beaks can be thick and heavy to crack open seeds, short and stubby to eat fruit, or sharp and pointed to eat insects.
4. There are three different kinds of body coverings: feathers, fur or hair, and scales.
5. Feathers protect birds and help them fly. Fur or Hair keeps an animal warm. Scales help protect fish from other animals that live in water and reptiles from drying out.
6. A polar bear having clear hair that allows the light to pass through is an example of how animals have special adaptations to meet the needs in their environment.
7. Camouflage is an animal’s color or pattern that helps it blend in with its surroundings.
Example: The dark skin on an alligators back makes it blend into the swamps where it lives.
8. Mimicry is an adaptation in which an animal looks very much like another animal.
Example: The viceroy butterfly is a mimic because it looks like a bad-tasting monarch butterfly.
9. An instinct is a behavior that an animal BEGINS life with. This is not a LEARNED behavior.
10. One example of an instinct is Migration. Migration is the movement of a group of one type of animal from on region to another back again.
Example: Some Canadian birds travel south during winter months to find food and a good climate and return to Canada in the spring when the weather warms up.
Example: Some animals have an instinct to migrate to places where their young cans survive. Gray whales spend the summer in areas where they can find food easily-near the North Pole.
11. Not all animals have the instinct to migrate as winter brings colder temperatures and a lack of food. Some animals adapt to these changes by hibernating. Hibernation is a period when an animal goes into a long, deep “sleep.”
12. An animal prepares to hibernate by eating extra food and finding shelter.
13. Animals need little to no food because during hibernation the animal’s body temperature drops and its breathing rate and heart rate falls.
Examples of animals that hibernate: bears and ground squirrels
14. Learned behaviors are not instincts. It is a behavior that developed by watching or hearing other animals.
Example: Tiger cubs learn to hunting skills by watching its mother hunt and by playing with other tiger cubs.
Example: Chimpanzees learn many behaviors that help them survive. Chimps’ uses sounds that help them communicate with one another. Warning/danger sounds as well as happy sounds help them survive.
Example: Teaching a dog how to sit before getting a treat is also a learned behavior.

Class Slide Show Project/ Webquest:

Lesson Power point:

Study Guide:

Animal adaptations Flip chart:

Animals Adaptations Quiz;

Animals Around Us Adapatations Video

Migration concentration;

Power Point: